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May 10, 2019
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Class 9: Scientific, Electrical, and Technological Apparatus

Scientific, research, navigation, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, audiovisual, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, detecting, testing, inspecting, life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling the distribution or use of electricity; apparatus and instruments for recording, transmitting, reproducing or processing sound, images or data; recorded and downloadable media, computer software, blank digital or analogue recording and storage media; mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating devices; computers and computer peripheral devices; diving suits, divers’ masks, ear plugs for divers, nose clips for divers and swimmers, gloves for divers, breathing apparatus for underwater swimming; fire-extinguishing apparatus.

Class 9 includes mainly apparatus and instruments for scientific or research purposes, audiovisual and information technology equipment, as well as safety and life-saving equipment.

This Class includes, in particular:

  • Apparatus and instruments for scientific research in laboratories;
  • Training apparatus and simulators, for example, resuscitation mannequins, simulators for the steering and control of vehicles;
  • Apparatus and instruments for controlling and monitoring aircraft, watercraft and unmanned vehicles, for example, navigational instruments, transmitters, compasses for measuring, gps apparatus, automatic steering apparatus for vehicles;
  • Safety and security apparatus and instruments, for example, safety nets, signalling lights, traffic-light apparatus, fire engines, sound alarms, security tokens being encryption devices;
  • Clothing that protects against serious or life-threatening injuries, for example, clothing for protection against accidents, irradiation and fire, bullet-proof clothing, protective helmets, head guards for sports, mouth guards for sports, protective suits for aviators, knee-pads for workers;
  • Optical apparatus and instruments, for example, eyeglasses, contact lenses, magnifying glasses, mirrors for inspecting work, peepholes;
  • Magnets;
  • Smartwatches, wearable activity trackers;
  • Joysticks for use with computers, other than for video games, virtual reality headsets, smartglasses;
  • Eyeglass cases, cases for smartphones, cases especially made for photographic apparatus and instruments;
  • Automated teller machines, invoicing machines, material testing instruments and machines;
  • Batteries and chargers for electronic cigarettes;
  • Electric and electronic effects units for musical instruments;
  • Laboratory robots, teaching robots, security surveillance robots, humanoid robots with artificial intelligence.


Class 9 does not include, in particular:

  • Joysticks being parts of machines, other than for game machines (Cl. 7), vehicle joysticks (Cl. 12), joysticks for video games, controllers for toys and game consoles (Cl. 28);
  • Coin-operated apparatus that are classified in various classes according to their function or purpose, for example, coin-operated washing machines (Cl. 7), coin-operated billiard tables (Cl. 28);
  • Industrial robots (Cl. 7), surgical robots (Cl. 10), toy robots (Cl. 28);
  • Pulse meters, heart rate monitoring apparatus, body composition monitors (Cl. 10);
  • Laboratory lamps, laboratory burners (Cl. 11);
  • Diving lights (Cl. 11);
  • Explosive fog signals, signal rocket flares (Cl. 13);
  • Histological sections for teaching purposes, biological samples for use in microscopy as teaching materials (Cl. 16);
  • Clothing and equipment worn for the practice of certain sports, for example, protective paddings being parts of sports suits, fencing masks, boxing gloves (Cl. 28).


Class 9 Specifically includes:


3D spectacles abacuses
accelerometers accumulators, electric
acid hydrometers acidimeters for batteries
acoustic alarms / sound alarms acoustic conduits
acoustic couplers actinometers
adding machines aerials / antennas
aerometers air analysis apparatus
alarm bells, electric alarms*
alcoholmeters alidades
altimeters ammeters
amplifiers amplifying tubes / amplifying valves
anemometers animated cartoons
anode batteries / high tension batteries anodes
answering machines anticathodes
anti-glare glasses anti-interference devices [electricity]
anti-theft warning apparatus apertometers [optics]
apparatus and installations for the production of X-rays, not for medical purposes apparatus and instruments for astronomy
apparatus and instruments for physics apparatus for changing record player needles
apparatus for editing cinematographic film apparatus for fermentation [laboratory apparatus]
apparatus for measuring the thickness of skins apparatus to check franking / apparatus to check stamping mail
appliances for measuring the thickness of leather armatures [electricity]
asbestos clothing for protection against fire asbestos gloves for protection against accidents
asbestos screens for firemen audio- and video-receivers
audio interfaces audio mixers
audiovisual teaching apparatus automated teller machines [ATM]
automatic indicators of low pressure in vehicle tyres / automatic indicators of low pressure in vehicle tires azimuth instruments
baby monitors baby scales
bags adapted for laptops balances [steelyards] / lever scales [steelyards] / steelyards [lever scales]
balancing apparatus bar code readers
barometers bathroom scales
batteries for electronic cigarettes batteries for lighting
batteries, electric batteries, electric, for vehicles / accumulators, electric, for vehicles
battery boxes / accumulator boxes battery chargers
battery jars / accumulator jars beacons, luminous
bells [warning devices] betatrons
binoculars biochips
black boxes [data recorders] blueprint apparatus
boiler control instruments branch boxes [electricity]
breathing apparatus for underwater swimming breathing apparatus, except for artificial respiration
bullet-proof clothing bullet-proof waistcoats / bullet-proof vests
buzzers cabinets for loudspeakers
cables, electric calculating machines
calibrating rings calipers
calorimeters camcorders
cameras [photography] capillary tubes
carpenters’ rules carriers for dark plates [photography]
cases especially made for photographic apparatus and instruments cases for smartphones
cash registers cassette players
cathodes cathodic anti-corrosion apparatus
cell phone straps cell switches [electricity] / reducers [electricity]
centering apparatus for photographic transparencies chargers for electric batteries
chargers for electronic cigarettes charging stations for electric vehicles
chemistry apparatus and instruments chips [integrated circuits]
choking coils [impedance] chromatography apparatus for laboratory use
chronographs [time recording apparatus] cinematographic cameras
cinematographic film, exposed circuit breakers
circuit closers circular slide rules
cleaning apparatus for phonograph records / cleaning apparatus for sound recording discs climate control digital thermostats
close-up lenses clothing especially made for laboratories
clothing for protection against accidents, irradiation and fire clothing for protection against fire / garments for protection against fire
coaxial cables coils, electric
coin-operated mechanisms for television sets collectors, electric
commutators compact disc players
compact discs [audio-video] compact discs [read-only memory]
comparators compasses for measuring
computer game software, downloadable computer game software, recorded
computer hardware computer keyboards
computer memory devices computer operating programs, recorded
computer peripheral devices computer programs, downloadable
computer programs, recorded computer screen saver software, recorded or downloadable
computer software applications, downloadable computer software platforms, recorded or downloadable
computer software, recorded computers
condensers [capacitors] / capacitors conductors, electric
connected bracelets [measuring instruments] connections for electric lines
connectors [electricity] contact lenses
contacts, electric containers for contact lenses
containers for microscope slides control panels [electricity]
converters, electric copper wire, insulated
cordless telephones correcting lenses [optics]
cosmographic instruments counterfeit coin detectors
counters / meters couplers [data processing equipment]
couplings, electric / connections, electric covers for electric outlets
covers for personal digital assistants [PDAs] covers for smartphones
covers for tablet computers crash test dummies
crucibles [laboratory] / cupels [laboratory] current rectifiers
cyclotrons darkroom lamps [photography]
darkrooms [photography] data gloves
data processing apparatus decompression chambers
decorative magnets demagnetizing apparatus for magnetic tapes
densimeters densitometers
detectors devices for the projection of virtual keyboards
diagnostic apparatus, not for medical purposes diaphragms [acoustics]
diaphragms [photography] diaphragms for scientific apparatus
dictating machines diffraction apparatus [microscopy]
digital photo frames digital signs
digital weather stations directional compasses
discharge tubes, electric, other than for lighting / electric discharge tubes, other than for lighting disk drives for computers
disks, magnetic distance measuring apparatus
distance recording apparatus / apparatus for recording distance distillation apparatus for scientific purposes
distribution boards [electricity] distribution boxes [electricity]
distribution consoles [electricity] divers’ masks
diving suits DNA chips
dog whistles dosage dispensers / dosimeters
downloadable emoticons for mobile phones downloadable graphics for mobile phones
downloadable image files downloadable music files
downloadable ring tones for mobile phones drainers for use in photography / photographic racks
dressmakers’ measures droppers for measuring, other than for medical or household purposes
drying apparatus for photographic prints drying racks [photography]
ducts [electricity] DVD players
dynamometers ear pads for headphones
ear plugs for divers egg timers [sandglasses] / hourglasses
egg-candlers electric and electronic effects units for musical instruments
electric apparatus for commutation electric installations for the remote control of industrial operations
electric door bells electric loss indicators
electric plugs electric sockets
electric wire harnesses for automobiles electrical adapters
electricity conduits electrified fences
electrified rails for mounting spot lights electro-dynamic apparatus for the remote control of railway points
electro-dynamic apparatus for the remote control of signals electrolysers
electromagnetic coils electronic access control systems for interlocking doors
electronic agendas electronic book readers
electronic collars to train animals electronic interactive whiteboards
electronic key fobs being remote control apparatus electronic notice boards
electronic numeric displays electronic pens [visual display units]
electronic pocket translators electronic publications, downloadable
electronic sheet music, downloadable electronic tags for goods
encoded identification bracelets, magnetic encoded key cards
encoded magnetic cards enlarging apparatus [photography]
epidiascopes equalizers

/ equalisers

ergometers exposure meters [light meters]
eyepieces eyewear
facsimile machines fibre optic cables / fiber optic cables
film cutting apparatus films, exposed
filters for respiratory masks filters for ultraviolet rays, for photography
filters for use in photography finger sizers
fire alarms fire beaters
fire blankets fire boats
fire engines fire escapes
fire extinguishers fire extinguishing apparatus
fire hose fire hose nozzles
fire pumps flash-bulbs [photography]
flashing lights [luminous signals] flashlights [photography]
floppy disks flowmeters
fluorescent screens fog signals, non-explosive
food analysis apparatus frames for photographic transparencies
frequency meters furnaces for laboratory use / ovens for laboratory use
furniture especially made for laboratories fuse wire
fuses galena crystals [detectors]
galvanic batteries galvanic cells
galvanometers gas testing instruments
gasometers [measuring instruments] gauges
glazing apparatus for photographic prints Global Positioning System [GPS] apparatus
gloves for divers gloves for protection against accidents
gloves for protection against X-rays for industrial purposes goggles for sports
grids for batteries hairdressing training heads [teaching apparatus]
hand-held electronic dictionaries hands-free kits for telephones
head cleaning tapes [recording] head guards for sports
headgear being protective helmets headphones
heat regulating apparatus height measuring instruments
heliographic apparatus hemline markers
high-frequency apparatus holders for electric coils
holograms horns for loudspeakers
humanoid robots with artificial intelligence hydrometers
hygrometers identification sheaths for electric wires
identification threads for electric wires identity cards, magnetic
igniting apparatus, electric, for igniting at a distance / electric apparatus for remote ignition incubators for bacteria culture
inductors [electricity] infrared detectors
ink cartridges, unfilled, for printers and photocopiers instruments containing eyepieces
integrated circuit cards [smart cards] / smart cards [integrated circuit cards] integrated circuits
interactive touch screen terminals intercommunication apparatus
interfaces for computers inverters [electricity]
invoicing machines ionization apparatus not for the treatment of air or water
jigs [measuring instruments] joysticks for use with computers, other than for video games
juke boxes for computers juke boxes, musical / coin-operated musical automata [juke boxes]
junction boxes [electricity] junction sleeves for electric cables
knee-pads for workers laboratory centrifuges
laboratory pipettes laboratory robots
laboratory trays lactodensimeters
lactometers laptop computers
lasers, not for medical purposes lens hoods
lenses for astrophotography letter scales
levelling instruments levelling staffs [surveying instruments] / rods [surveying instruments]
levels [instruments for determining the horizontal] life belts
life buoys life jackets
life saving apparatus and equipment lifeboats
life-saving capsules for natural disasters life-saving rafts
light dimmers [regulators], electric / light regulators [dimmers], electric light-emitting diodes [LED]
light-emitting electronic pointers lighting ballasts
lightning conductors / lightning arresters / lightning rods limiters [electricity]
locks, electric logs [measuring instruments]
loudspeakers magic lanterns
magnetic data media magnetic encoders
magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] apparatus, not for medical purposes magnetic tape units for computers
magnetic tapes magnetic wires
magnets magnifying glasses [optics]
marine compasses marine depth finders
marking buoys marking gauges [joinery]
masts for wireless aerials material testing instruments and machines
materials for electricity mains [wires, cables] mathematical instruments
measures measuring apparatus
measuring devices, electric measuring glassware / graduated glassware
measuring instruments measuring spoons
mechanical signs mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus
mechanisms for counter-operated apparatus megaphones
memory cards for video game machines mercury levels
metal detectors for industrial or military purposes meteorological balloons
meteorological instruments metronomes
micrometer screws for optical instruments micrometers / micrometer gauges
microphones microprocessors
microscopes microtomes
mileage recorders for vehicles / kilometer recorders for vehicles mirrors [optics]
mirrors for inspecting work mobile telephones / cell phones / cellular phones
modems money counting and sorting machines
monitoring apparatus, other than for medical purposes monitors [computer hardware]
monitors [computer programs] mouse [computer peripheral]
mouse pads mouth guards for sports
nanoparticle size analysers / nanoparticle size analyzers nautical apparatus and instruments
naval signalling apparatus navigation apparatus for vehicles [on-board computers]
navigational instruments needles for record players / styli for record players
needles for surveying compasses neon signs
nets for protection against accidents nose clips for divers and swimmers
notebook computers objectives [lenses] [optics]
observation instruments octants
ohmmeters optical apparatus and instruments
optical character readers optical condensers
optical data media optical discs
optical fibres [light conducting filaments] / optical fibers [light conducting filaments] optical glass
optical lanterns / optical lamps optical lenses
organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] oscillographs
oxygen transvasing apparatus ozonisers [ozonators]
parking meters particle accelerators
pedometers peepholes [magnifying lenses] for doors
periscopes personal digital assistants [PDAs]
personal stereos Petri dishes
petrol gauges / gasoline gauges phonograph records / sound recording discs
photocopiers [photographic, electrostatic, thermic] photometers
phototelegraphy apparatus photovoltaic cells
piezoelectric sensors pince-nez
Pitot tubes plane tables [surveying instruments]
planimeters plates for batteries
plotters plumb bobs
plumb lines pocket calculators
polarimeters portable media players
precision balances precision measuring apparatus
pressure gauges / manometers pressure indicator plugs for valves
pressure indicators pressure measuring apparatus
printed circuit boards printed circuits
printers for use with computers* prisms [optics]
probes for scientific purposes processors [central processing units] / central processing units [processors]
projection apparatus projection screens
protection devices against X-rays, not for medical purposes protection devices for personal use against accidents
protective films adapted for computer screens protective films adapted for smartphones
protective helmets protective helmets for sports
protective masks* protective suits for aviators
protractors [measuring instruments] punched card machines for offices
push buttons for bells pyrometers
quantity indicators quantum dot light-emitting diodes [QLED]
radar apparatus radio pagers
radiological apparatus for industrial purposes radiology screens for industrial purposes
radios radiotelegraphy sets
radiotelephony sets railway traffic safety appliances
range finders / telemeters readers [data processing equipment]
rearview cameras for vehicles record players
reflective articles for wear, for the prevention of accidents reflective safety vests
refractometers refractors
regulating apparatus, electric relays, electric
remote control apparatus* rescue flares, non-explosive and non-pyrotechnic
rescue laser signalling flares resistances, electric
respirators for filtering air respiratory masks, other than for artificial respiration
resuscitation mannequins [teaching apparatus] resuscitation training simulators
retorts retorts’ stands
revolution counters rheostats
riding helmets ring sizers
road signs, luminous or mechanical rods for water diviners
rulers [measuring instruments] rules [measuring instruments]
saccharometers safety nets / life nets
safety restraints, other than for vehicle seats and sports equipment safety tarpaulins
salinometers satellite finder meters
satellite navigational apparatus satellites for scientific purposes
scales scales with body mass analysers / scales with body mass analyzers
scanners [data processing equipment] screens [photography]
screens for photoengraving screw-tapping gauges
security surveillance robots security tokens [encryption devices]
selfie lenses selfie sticks [hand-held monopods]
semi-conductors sextants
sheaths for electric cables shoes for protection against accidents, irradiation and fire
shutter releases [photography] shutters [photography]
sighting telescopes for firearms / telescopic sights for firearms signal bells
signal lanterns signalling buoys
signalling panels, luminous or mechanical signalling whistles
signals, luminous or mechanical signs, luminous
simulators for the steering and control of vehicles sirens
sleeves for laptops slide calipers
slide projectors / transparency projection apparatus slide-rules
slope indicators / clinometers / gradient indicators / inclinometers smart rings
smartglasses smartphones
smartwatches smoke detectors
snorkels solar batteries
solar panels for the production of electricity solderers’ helmets
solenoid valves [electromagnetic switches] sonars
sound locating instruments sound recording apparatus
sound recording carriers sound recording strips
sound reproduction apparatus sound transmitting apparatus
sounding apparatus and machines sounding leads
sounding lines spark-guards
speaking tubes spectacle cases / eyeglass cases
spectacle chains / eyeglass chains spectacle cords / eyeglass cords
spectacle frames / eyeglass frames spectacle lenses / eyeglass lenses
spectacles / eyeglasses spectrograph apparatus
spectroscopes speed checking apparatus for vehicles
speed indicators speed measuring apparatus [photography]
speed regulators for record players spherometers
spirit levels spools [photography]
sports whistles sprinkler systems for fire protection
square rulers for measuring squares for measuring
stage lighting regulators stands adapted for laptops
stands for photographic apparatus starter cables for motors
steering apparatus, automatic, for vehicles step-up transformers
stereoscopes stereoscopic apparatus
stills for laboratory experiments stroboscopes
subwoofers sulfitometers
sunglasses surveying apparatus and instruments
surveying chains surveying instruments
surveyors’ levels survival blankets
switchboards switchboxes [electricity]
switches, electric tablet computers
tachometers tape recorders
taximeters teaching apparatus
teaching robots teeth protectors*
telecommunication apparatus in the form of jewellery / telecommunication apparatus in the form of jewelry telegraph wires
telegraphs [apparatus] telephone apparatus
telephone receivers telephone transmitters
telephone wires telepresence robots
teleprinters / teletypewriters teleprompters
telerupters telescopes
telescopic sights for artillery television apparatus
temperature indicator labels, not for medical purposes temperature indicators
terminals [electricity] test tubes
testing apparatus not for medical purposes theft prevention installations, electric
theodolites thermal imaging cameras
thermionic valves / thermionic tubes thermo-hygrometers
thermometers, not for medical purposes thermostats
thermostats for vehicles thin client computers
thread counters ticket dispensers
time clocks [time recording devices] time recording apparatus
time switches, automatic tone arms for record players
toner cartridges, unfilled, for printers and photocopiers totalizators
trackballs [computer peripherals] traffic cones
traffic-light apparatus [signalling devices] transformers [electricity]
transistors [electronic] transmitters [telecommunication]
transmitters of electronic signals transmitting sets [telecommunication]
transparencies [photography] / slides [photography] transponders
triodes tripods for cameras
T-squares for measuring urinometers
USB flash drives vacuum gauges
vacuum tubes [radio] variometers
vehicle breakdown warning triangles vehicle radios
verniers video baby monitors
video cassettes video game cartridges
video recorders video screens
video telephones videotapes
viewfinders, photographic virtual reality headsets
viscosimeters visors for helmets
voltage regulators for vehicles voltage surge protectors
voltmeters voting machines
wafers for integrated circuits wah-wah pedals
walkie-talkies washing trays [photography]
water level indicators wavemeters
wearable activity trackers wearable computers
wearable video display monitors weighbridges
weighing apparatus and instruments weighing machines
weights whistle alarms
wind socks for indicating wind direction wire connectors [electricity]
wires, electric workmen’s protective face-shields
wrist rests for use with computers X-ray apparatus not for medical purposes
X-ray films, exposed X-ray photographs, other than for medical purposes
X-ray tubes not for medical purposes

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